Viking Nazism and Fascism
Although there are many wars, occupations and challenges that were faced by the Europeans during the course of their history, the Viking Age still remains as one of the most interesting and unique phases which started in the eighth century, lasting until 1066 A.D. From Eastern and Western Europe, the Scandinavian warriors' influence and occupation extended to as far as Asia, Africa and America.
The Vikings founded the most prominent city in Ireland that is Dublin, as well as other major cities in the European continent. They left the legacy of the Scandinavian origin on some terms, which still exist, in the English language up until today.
The raids and attacks of the Vikings all across Europe came as a shock to a lot of the local people. Because they often targeted monasteries and religious places, they thought it to be an attack against their religion in general.
With the Battle of Stamford Bridge in 1066, the raiding conducted by the Viking warriors all across Europe gradually ceased. By the time that Christianity spread across Europe and the smaller kingdoms within Europe began showing signs of unity and resistance to further violence, the Nordic attacks and their influence over the rest of the continent experiences a gradual decline, signalling the end of the three-century old Viking saga.
The Viking Age: Nazism and Fascism
To have a deeper understanding of the Nazism and Fascism aspect of the Viking Age, here are a few basic definitions of terms:
The term Nazism refers to the ideologies left by the Nazis during the time of Adolf Hitler. Fascism, on the other hand, refers to the centralisation of a leader's authority over a nation. It typically involved policies of nationalism and racism that exhibits oppressive control over the people.
Just like the Romanticism of the Viking Age during the eighth century with the works of Eirk Geijer and Esias Tegner, the Nazis in Germany went on to think that they could use the Viking imagery to their advantage. These romantic images of the Vikings were used in Nazism. The 'Nasjonal Samling' or the National Gathering of Norway was a fascist party who held a strong national belief and attitude. They used the romantic symbolisms used by the artists, writers and poets of that time for their own propaganda.
The Nazis took advantage of the fact that the Vikings had descendants in Germany. Until now, the identities based on the Nordic influences can be seen on the icons used by the National Socialist advocates.
Original Authors: Jennifer Tumanda
Edit Update Authors: M.A.Harris
Updated On: 15/07/2008