Anglo Saxon History
The history of Anglo-Saxons in Great Britain is well documented. It stretches back to the 5th century, and the conquest of the Normans played an important role in its development. It is first important to note that prior to the Anglo-Saxons, the Romans played an important role in the history of Great Britain. They maintained a powerful presence in the region until the fall of the Roman Empire. The term "Sub-Roman Britain" is also used to describe the Dark Ages. The languages used during this time that led to the evolution of the modern English language are Celtic, Old Norse, and Old English. Historians have found it very difficult to trace the process of the Romans leaving the region.
However, archaeologists have found that the country was deteriorating under the rule of the Romans in their final years in the region. It is hard to find Roman coins that were minted after the year 402. Many historians agree that the rule of the Romans ended in 407 when Constantine III became king. The Romans left the region, and the residents did not have an established military force. Because of this, Constantine died shortly after in a battle. While Emperor Honorius made it clear that the people of Great Britain would have to fend for themselves, this still relied on the assistance to help them fight against invaders.
There are a large number of myths that deal with the advent of the Anglo-Saxon, and it is important to separate fact from fiction. The three important documents which provide information about the Anglo-Saxons are the Gildas "The Ruin of Britain," the "Ecclesiastical History of the English People, and the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. A number of archaeologists are looking at the burial patterns of the region to look for a pattern in how these people settled in the land. One thing that these archaeologists have discovered is that the burial patterns indicated that both the Anglo-Saxons and the natives lived together.
By the 4th century, Britons had moved to the other side of the English Channel, and they settled in areas such as Gaul, which today is known as northern France. In addition to this, it is also apparent that a number of people have originated from Spain. A major battle was fought in 495 in which the Anglo-Saxons were defeated by Britons. This battle was known as the Battle of Mount Bardon. A number of historians believed that the result of this battle reduced the migration of Anglo-Saxons for a certain period of time.
Original Authors: Stephen Palmer
Edit Update Authors: M.A.Harris
Updated On: 15/07/2008