While the architectural buildings constructed by the Anglo-Saxons were simple at first, they became more elaborate over time. The history of architecture in England is a rich one, and the Anglo-Saxons played an important role in its development. The rise in this style of architecture began in the 5th century.
The most basic structures constructed by the Anglo-Saxons were made out of things such as thatch and timber. Archaeological evidence shows that the Anglo-Saxons did not prefer the architectural style of the Romans, and chose to build their own cities instead. There are a few structures built by the Anglo-Saxons that exist today, and many of them are churches.
In the later periods, the Anglo-Saxons began to design buildings that were very intricate. They featured things such as pilaster strips and headed openings that were shaped like triangles. Much of the work done above ground is not in existence today. One exception to this is the Anglian Tower, a structure in York that is believed to have been built during the 7th century. Many of the structures that were built by the Anglo-Saxons had a rectangular shape. Modern evidence shows that many buildings in both Great Britain and the United States have continued to follow this example today. The Anglo- Saxons would drive timber posts into the ground so that the framework for the building could be created.
Even though the Anglo-Saxons had their own distinct religion, many of them were followers of Christianity. Because of this, they borrowed architectural styles from Coptic structures. A large number of these buildings can still be viewed today in Ireland. The Pope dispatched people from Rome in 597 to make sure the people of Great Britain followed Christianity. They made their presence known by building the cathedral at Canterbury, and this was the first cathedral to exist in the country. It used the same style that can be found with most churches in Rome, which is basilican. Christianity rapidly spread throughout the region after this church was constructed.
Many structures built by Anglo Saxons no longer exist today because of the frequent raids that were made by the Vikings. Even though a large number of these structures were rebuilt, the fear of raids played an important role in how they were designed. Many of the Anglo-Saxon towns became well fortified, and ditches and defensive banks built during this time can still be viewed today.
Original Authors: Stephen Palmer
Edit Update Authors: M.A.Harris
Updated On: 15/07/2008