Eastern Roman Empire
While the Western Roman Empire fell in the year 476, the eastern portion of the empire continued to prosper for a long period of time. It would come to be known as the Byzantine Empire. There are a number of things about the Byzantine Empire that made it distinct from the Western Roman Empire. First, the primary language spoken in this empire was Greek.
It should be noted that residents living in this empire did not see a distinction between the Byzantine and the Western Roman Empire, and the line of succession continued. Perhaps one of the most important differences between the Byzantine and Western Roman Empire is that the Byzantine Empire was a continuation of Hellenistic culture.
There is debate among historians about when the Byzantine Empire began. While some historians says that it began during the rule of the emperor Diocletian, others say it started with the reign of Constantine I. In addition to this, other historians feel that this empire began during the rule of Theodosius I. One thing that most scholars and historians agree on is that the Hellenistic changes to the region were quite noticeable by the year 330. The rise of Christianity is also an important part of the Byzantine Empire.
Original Authors: Stephen Palmer
Edit Update Authors: M.A.Harris
Updated On: 14/07/2008