George II King of England
George Augustus who later on became known as George II was the King of Great Britain and Ireland from June 11, 1727 until his death in October 25, 1760. George II also held the additional titles of Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg in Hanover as well as Archtreasurer and Prince-Elector of the Holy Roman Empire.
George II was the last of the British monarchs who was born outside of the Great Britain and during his reign he was well known for his many clashes with his own father and later on with his own son. It was these family conflicts that primarily marked George II's reign as he had very little to do with actually shaping the political policies of his country's government. This task was instead relegated to the first Prime Minister of Great Britain, Sir Robert Walpole.
King George II was born the Duke George August of Hanover in Herrenhausen Palace in Hanover, Germany to the hereditary prince of Brunswick-Lüneburg, George Ludwig (later on George I) and Princess Sophia of Celle. George II's parents were later divorced in 1694 owing to accusations of alleged adultery levelled against Princess Sophia although it must be said that George I engaged in extramarital affairs himself. George II was later on married to Margravine Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach in the year 1705.
As mentioned earlier, George's relationship with his father was extremely strained. One of the most public clashes between the two occurred after the princess of Wales gave birth to Prince George William in the year 1717. The King wished to have his brother the Duke of York and Albany assigned as godfather during the baptismal ceremonies.
George however insisted on having the Duke of Newcastle assigned to the role. The problem was, the King had a strong dislike for the Duke of Newcastle. When the prince publicly opposed his father's decision, the King had George arrested and confined temporarily. This conflict later led to George being expelled from St. James's Palace, (which was the King's royal residence) as well as being excluded from all public ceremonies in which the royal family appeared.
The rift between father and son widened until George began to regularly oppose his father's policies. George II went so far as to allow many of his father's most ardent political opponents to converge in his own home in London's Leicester House and plan their political actions there.
Among these attendees were Sir Robert Walpole and Viscount Townshend. Interestingly enough, Walpole was instrumental in the reconciliation between King George and the Prince of Wales later on in 1720.
Ironically, George II's relationship with his own son Prince Frederick was marked with conflict as well. The battle of wills between the two gradually built up until Prince Frederick was in danger of being exiled to the British Colonies. Although Frederick was never actually exiled, the relationship between the two gradually worsened until Frederick and his family were banished from the royal court in 1737 after a particularly bitter quarrel.
George II died October 25, 1760 and was buried in Westminster Abbey.
Original Authors: Doods Pangburn
Edit Update Authors: M.A.Harris
Updated On: 14/08/2008