Advances in Transportation
Together with the rise of inventions made in England in terms of textile engines, railroads and electric industry, advances in transportation have also been an integral part of their development.
Transportation is the process or movement not only of people but also of the goods and products from one place to another. A field of transport has several aspects and can be divided into terms of facilities, vehicles, operations and functions. Combinations of these methods of transportation come up with the existence of different modes or ways on how to transport passengers and products in mainland England. Some of these are through:
By the use of a fixed wing aircraft often called an "airplane" that covers from six seaters or private airplanes to commercial airliners and military cargo aircraft. Air flows over the wings for lifting of the aircraft and an open land area for landing are two important necessities for using an air transport way of transferring passengers and goods. However, the majority of aircraft today need an airport with the facilities to receive emergency calls, machinery supports, restocking, refuelling and loading or unloading of cargo and passengers while other aircraft are capable already of landing and taking off on land, ice, snow and calm water.
Using the railroads or railways, goods and passengers not only in England but also the whole world can be transported by means of railroad trucks or trains. Less time and effort was needed in comparison to earlier times when natives used horses as their medium of moving from one place to another. In rail transport, a train consists of rail vehicles that move along guides and is provided by a separate type of engine powered by either a diesel engine or electric power.
An automobile is a wheeled passenger vehicle that carries its own motor engine such as cars, jeeps, and vans. It is considered as an environmental improvement over horses when it was first introduced in the 1880s as the use of horses required tons of manure to be removed on the streets daily. Automobiles then became one of the principal sources of air and noise pollution which is more detrimental to our health.
For pleasure, physical exercise, for transporting people and/or goods and military operations, watercraft were designed to float or move across water. Construction, appearance and maintenance have been dominated due to the demand of travelling and cruising around the world. It is also floating crafts that transport cargo for the purpose of earning revenue thus, improving the economic stability of the country.
It is the process of moving people, goods, etc., by means of barge, boat, ship or sailboat over the sea for a purpose of trading goods and commodities, recreation or military objectives. Ships that were either rowed or used the wind power accomplished early sea transport. It was first created in 1800s using a steam engine coming from wood or coal that drives its paddles to move. Unlike now, they have already an engine using a bunker of fuel. Although relatively slow, modern sea transport is highly effective and less costly in transporting large quantities and non-perishable goods in England compared to aircraft and rail transport systems.
Original Authors: Phil Post
Edit Update Authors: M.A.Harris
Updated On: 23/07/2008