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Celts Romanization

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Celts Romanization

When the Romans occupied Gaul, it was the beginning of the Celts adapting Roman ways and values. But then again Romans had their fair share of Celtic influences as well. This is the onset of the Gallo-Roman culture, as called by many historians. The very first proof of this is the transformation of the Gaulish language. After colonization, the Romans appointed Latin as the official language of the region. As a result, the Gaulish language and the Latin language meshed, creating what was called the Vulgar Latin language. It is said to be vulgar because most of the Celts were nearly illiterate and the assimilation of a rather barbaric language with that of a scholar had produced such an effect.

Another major development was the introduction of Christianity to the Celts. The religion was regarded to be Celtic Christianity, which is also known as the Old British Church. Eventually, Celtic Christianity was practiced in Ireland, Wales, Scotland, Devon, Brittany, and Cornwall. This religion had started during the early medieval period of Europe. And after several years, the unconquered Irish region came to be the missionary works' major source in Europe.

Celtic art had acquired value since it had integrated with Roman influences. But fortunately, the Celts had maintained a part of their culture, enough to produce notable Gallo-Roman pieces. These pieces went on to become classics.

The Celtic Romanization was a long and slow process. It did not occur overnight, but happened quite gradually. It took several decades before full Romanization took place. And during this process, the Celts had shown the Romans many of their own ways and in turn, the Romans had embraced some of Celtic beliefs as well. An example of this is the Roman adoption of the Celtic horse goddess Epona. The Celts were definitely skilled horsemen and that impressed the Romans greatly. As a result, the Romans started to worship the Celtic goddess. But as the Romans began worshiping Epona, the Celts were already worshiping Roman deities. Eventually, Roman-Celtic divinities came to be.

Original Authors: Jennifer Tumanda
Edit Update Authors: RPN
Updated On: 25/01/2007



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