Close to one third of the population today are Christians. History would tell us that Christianity had gone to great heights to gather this enormous amount of people. During the 4th century, Christianity was brought to Britain just after Romans took over the empire. Later on, the religion spread throughout Ireland and other parts of Europe.
Celtic Christianity generally refers to the form of Christianity as practiced by the group of people who speak the Celtic language, in parts of Britain and Ireland. Christianity is said to have reach the Celts during the early part of the Middle Ages, around the 2nd century.
Celts did have their own religion, even before they adopted Christianity. Pelagius, the first Celtic son of Morien, was the lecturer of the Celtic spirituality and theology. Some people believed that he was a heretic. He was accused of teaching a 'skewed' version of Christianity. During this time, a lot of people were great devotees of the Latin version of Christianity. By the 5th century, Augustine, the aggressor of Pelagius, managed to drive the Pelegians out of the Roman Empire. Later on, Augustine would be known as the father of Latin Christianity.
Celtic Christianity has embraced the two Biblical concepts – the presence of man's free will and the reality of one's predestination. They deem religion as personal faith and would rather gather in small prayer groups, rather than in a grand display of worship. They have always showed fondness in spiritual gifts. They acknowledge the presence of the Divine Power and accept the responsibility of evangelism.
There are a lot of contradictions in Celtic Christianity and the teachings that were imposed by Augustine. The original teachings of Celtic theology were not in favour of Augustine's understanding of man's original sin. Latin Christianity believes that original sin is acquired with Adam and Eve's disobedience. Celtic theology believed that with Christ's crucifixion and death, His grace, virtues and salvation was completely endowed to all people.
Celtic Christianity does not believe in cosmic dualism. It does not view Satan as a competing god, but as a former member of God's army who turned away from him. They believe that God manifests himself in his creations. This creates in them a natural passion and love for nature, the wild, and other elementals. They believe that Jesus Christ in the incarnation of God himself. They thought that the universe is a body and that God is its head. Celtic Christianity believes that God has both feminine and masculine characteristics. Such belief contradicts the Augustinianism teachings where God is presumed to be a masculine God. They believe that the femininity of God is embodied in the Holy Spirit and that Mary is a woman of humanly attributes. It teaches that Jesus Christ is both divine and human and that sexuality is a reflection of God's creative prowess. Thus, they believe and embrace the concept of the Trinity.
Original Authors: Jennifer Tumanda
Edit Update Authors: RPN
Updated On: 25/01/2007