A number of issues in the 20th century led to many changes around the world in various countries’ political agendas. For starters there was the women’s suffrage of the 20th century which occurred in virtually all of the western countries at various times and led to the right of women to vote for their countries’ leaders.
Throughout much of the world in the early 20th century, there were a number of increases in nationalism which would ultimately lead to World War I. As the war led on, there were many changes in the political arena in various countries around the world. Furthermore, the ending of the First World War also led to many drastic political changes in many countries; especially those in Eastern Europe.
After the First World War had ended, Spain erupted into a Civil War and many fascist militaries took advantage of this Civil War and used it as a testing ground of power and might prior to the start of the Second World War.
The losses associated with various political and monetary changes after the First World War eventually led to the Great Depression which affected most of the world. As a result of this depression, many countries around the world were left having to change political views as well as increasing ties with allies and even previous enemies as a means of reconstructing during and after the Great Depression.
Ultimately all of this led to the Second World War as well as the first and only use in the history of mankind that a weapon of mass destruction was used when the United States dropped a Hydrogen bomb on Hiroshima. After the end of World War II, another war erupted with the new super power, the United States, and as a result, the Cold War between the US and the Communist Russia broke out and lasted until the last half of the 20th century.
At this time period as a means of maintaining their control over the Russian people, the authorities enacted the genocide of more than 18 million of their own people as a means of preventing any opposition from inside parties.
Meanwhile in the United States, the Civil Rights Movement was already underway and making things State-side non-segregated. After years of oppression even after the abolishment of slavery, led to a silent uprising of the African-Americans for their fair share in rights as a U.S. Citizen, but in some cases still today these rights are not always completely appropriated as there is still a lot of racism left in America which has prevented the full integration of the movement.
As a result of the First and Second World Wars, the establishment of new world organizations like that of the United Nations, European Union as well as the G-8 were created to allow a better interaction between countries and prevent any future world wars.
The 20th century also saw the end of colonialism and as such many countries in the Middle East, Asia as well as Africa were released from years under colonial control and allowed their independence to operate as their own free sovereignty. Following these colonial Israel was created as a Jewish State and as a result a number of uprisings, disputes of claim as well as conflicts started up in the region which some still continues today.
China fell into a famine known as the Great Chinese Famine in which tens of millions of Chinese citizens died giving this famine the name as the largest and worst famine in world history.
Towards the end of the 20th century, a number of revolutions in Russia led to the destruction of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic and allowed for the various states to become their own autonomous governments. This was also the ending of the Cold War and the time in which the infamous Berlin Wall was finally toppled after standing for decades.
Times were changing in virtually every corner of the world and as these changes occurred, so did the political views and beliefs in countries world wide. For the first time in human history, the concept of human rights, fairness and equality began to spread across the nations of the world. These concepts were also helped along the way with the assistance of new world-wide organizations like the United Nations, European Union, World health Organization long with the Red Cross.
Original Authors: Nick (Globel Team)
Edit Update Authors: M.A.Harris
Updated On: 31/07/2008