Some of the largest contributors to the world that each and every one of us sees around ourselves each and every day can be attributed to the occurrences and happenings of the 20th century. However, none of these things that have changed and shaped our world for both the good as well as the bad without a person who played an important role in the particular event’s outcome.
From technology to industry, advancements in science and medicine can be attributed to the longer life expectancy of people living on this planet today. Furthermore, politics and economy too played an important role in the series of events that unfolded during the 20th century which in effect has led to changes in the way things are done and seen in each and every nation around the world.
Many people consider that one person alone revolutionised the way that industries manufactured goods all over the world. It was back in 1863 when Henry Ford first arrived in this world. By the time Henry was 30, the world had already begun to see cars on the streets, and however at this time these cars were much too expensive as they were all custom built by hand for each and every customer. As a result, in 1903 Henry Ford founded the Ford Motor Company and focused on a goal of making an affordable yet durable car for the people of America in those times. As a result, Henry Ford was the very first person to create an assembly line as a means of mass-producing automobiles for the general public and his theory proved to be one of the best decisions in the turn of the century automotive industry.
Across the Atlantic Ocean, only 7 years after the birth of Henry Ford, another important figure in the 20th century was brought into this world in Russia. A revolutionary by right as well as the leader of the Bolshevik party, by 1917 he had started his plans of controlling all of Russia. By 1922 he managed this feat and founded the USSR. Although Vladimir Ilich Lenin died two years later, his dreams and ideology lived on for many years to come.
One of the greatest artists in the 20th century was none other than the Spanish artist, Pablo Picasso. Picasso started a whole new movement in the styles and themes of what was considered to be art when he introduced to the world, cubism. A major change from the current trends associated with fine art, Pablo Picasso’s work led the world to changes in the concept of freedom of expression.
While Lenin may have proved to be an asset to Russia, one person was considered to be a war monger and the person who started the infamous Second World War as he went on attempting to cleanse the world of those who were not of blue eyes and blonde hair. Adolf Hitler was an important figure in the 20th century, his actions led to the death of millions of people and as a result many nations banded together in an attempt to rid him of power and see to it that he does time for his crimes. However, this would never happen as he committed suicide rather than facing a tribunal for his grave offences to humanity.
While Hitler was ravishing the countryside of Europe, one man was known for his courage under fire. The decisions made by the Prime Minister of Britain during World War II were none other than that of Winston Churchill who was regarded as one of the greatest leaders of any nation in the 20th century.
By the end of the 19th century, the German born Albert Einstein would make his way into the world. Escaping Germany to the United States, the works that Einstein did has played some of the most important roles in science and technology seen around the world today. One of the greatest contributions to science was the infamous Theory of Relativity which was a means of combining the many complexities in life to a mathematical formula which has allowed for many of the greatest scientific discoveries found during the 20th century.
While Einstein was mesmerising the world with his mathematical skills, on the other side of the world in the Czech Republic, Sigmund Freud was developing the greatest understanding of the human psyche that was ever attempted. The work done by Freud changed the way medicine is practiced thanks to his studies on the human psyche and the nervous system.
In 1947, one man was said to have led India to its independence. This man was none other than Mohandas K. Gandhi and like Lenin he wanted change in the way things were. However, unlike Lenin, Gandhi did his revolution without ever acting in a violent manner. Considered to be one of the most peaceful persons of the 20th century, through his protests he was able to get India its 1947 independence.
While Gandhi was working for the independence of India, Martin Luther King Jr. was working on the desegregation of white and black America. Through his many speeches and protests he was successful in leading the American Civil Rights Movement. Furthermore, the protest he led on Washington D.C. after his infamous “I Have a Dream” speech still stands today as one of the largest protests in American history.
One of the greatest musicians of the 20th century was the British-born John Lennon who started his career with the Beatles only to finish it with a solo act that changed the world’s outlook on its behaviours to others. The inventor of modern music and an activist for humanity saw a world of peace and through his music he was able to achieve it even if only for a short period of time.
While there are many others who played an important part in the shaping of how the world is today during the 20th Century, due to the fact that there are literally millions of them, it would be next to impossible to pay tribute to them all, but every attempt will be made to do so.
Original Authors: Nick (Globel Team)
Edit Update Authors: M.A.Harris
Updated On: 28/07/2008